He proceeds to tell the Myth of Er that is supposed to illustrate reward and punishment in the afterlife b. In the Laches, he discusses courage with two renowned generals of the Peloponnesian war, Laches and Nicias.
Ethics and political philosophy seem to be different sides of the same coin. Perhaps Thrasymachus has defended his case badly, but if Socrates wants to convince his audience, he must do better than that. Thus, we may treat those whom we only think are our friends or enemies well or badly. The historical Socrates was, of course, not the first to question the Greek way of life.
So Socrates has to appeal to characteristics of happiness that do not, in his view, capture what happiness is, in the hope that the skeptics might agree that happiness correlates with the absence of regret, frustration, and fear and the presence of pleasure.
He argues that Plato has no interest in what are commonly regarded as the problems of justice—the resolving of disputes between individuals—because Plato has redefined justice as "keeping one's place".
Socrates supposes that almost all of its citizens—not quite all d—e —have to reach their fullest psychological potential, but it is not clear that anyone has to do more than this.
Rewards of Justice in Life X. These cases are supposed to establish a distinction between appetite and spirit.
Beyond the claim that the division of functions is more economical, Plato gives no justification for this fateful decision that determines the social order in the state, as well as the nature of the virtues.
If they combine moral firmness with quickness of mind, they are subject to a rigorous curriculum of higher learning that will prepare them for the ascent from the world of the senses to the world of intelligence and truth, an ascent whose stages are summed up in the similes of the Sun, the Line, and the Cave a—b.
Also the education of the youth is such that they are taught of only works of writing that encourage them to improve themselves for the state's good, and envision the god s as entirely good, just, and the author s of only that which is good.
Socrates indicates the difficulty and extreme effort required to attain knowledge of the forms and the form of the Good, thus the just person will pursue learning and not spend time indulging in the satisfaction of desires that typically lead to unjust actions.
Book X Thereafter, Socrates returns to the subject of poetry and claims that the measures introduced to exclude imitative poetry from the just city seem clearly justified now a.
Can their attachment to the satisfaction of bodily desires be educated in such a way that they enjoy, in optimal social circumstances, a well-ordered soul.
Socrates points out that we cannot understand the nature of the soul if we only consider its relation to the body as the present discussion has b-d. Glaucon allows this since Socrates has already defended justice by itself in the soul.
But we should be hesitant about applying these frequently confused and possibly anachronistic concepts to the Republic. Just recompense may always be right, but is recompense.
Confused by this, Socrates went around and talked to all the men who he thought were wiser than he was. Oligarchy arises out of timocracy and it emphasizes wealth rather than honor c-e.
The law is a product of compromise between individuals who agree not to do injustice to others if others will not do injustice to them. So Socrates must persuade them that the just person who is terrifically unfortunate and scorned lives a better life than the unjust person who is so successful that he is unfairly rewarded as if he were perfectly just see d—d.
In democracies without law, demagogues leaders appealing to emotions took over. Plato looked at four existing forms of government and found them unstable. Socrates suggests that they need to tell the citizens a myth that should be believed by subsequent generations in order for everyone to accept his position in the city bd.
It is also worth noting that Plato was distrustful of the senses when it came to the ability to preceive knowledge. A real element of Socratic teaching, which is more prominent in the Republic than in any of the other Dialogues of Plato, is the use of example and illustration (Greek): 'Let us apply the test of common instances.' 'You,' says Adeimantus, ironically, in the sixth book, 'are.
Plato’s Republic Plato’s most important work on politics is his Republic, published around B.C. Written as a dialogue among characters and set in a private home, the book describes a small group of Athenians discussing political philosophy. This then is injustice; and on the other hand when the trader, the auxiliary, and the guardian each do their own business, that is justice, and will make the city just.
I agree with you. After summarizing the major elements in the foundation of the just city, Socrates refers back to the point at which they entered into the “digression” (c5) concerning the status of women and children in common and the education of philosophers, as well as the main topics of the doctrine of Ideas, together with the images of the sun, the.
Much of Western philosophy finds its basis in the thoughts and teachings of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. You can’t begin a study of world philosophy without talking about these guys: the Big Three ancient Greek philosophers. Socrates: Athens’ street-corner philosopher.
Socrates was the big-city philosopher in ancient Athens. Plato wrote the remainder of The Republic in an attempt to provide an adequate, satisfying answer to this question. After Book I, the entire dialogue is pervaded by an extended analogy between the justice of individual human beings and the that of an entire society or city-state.The three key elements for the foundation of a just city in the republic a book by plato