Beginning with the next line, write a concise summary of the key points of your research. For three or more authors, separate all but the last author's name with commas, and use "and" before the last author's name in the list. This section goes at the end of your paper. Official headings can be spelled out, starting with a capital letter.
For this class, we will be using the documentation style of the American Psychological Association APA, modified with italics substituted for underlining.
Do not underline, bold, or italicize the title. The main contributor s of the source often the name of the author is placed before the date and title.
Watson, L, and Dallwitz, M. All references in that section should be complete enough for readers to obtain a copy for themselves. Separate the entries with a blank line. Even though your writing will not have the same fluff and detail as other forms of writing, it should not be boring or dull to read.
Reference lists are generally reverse-indented--this just helps the reader to find references to specific authors that much faster. Times New Roman font. Harlem had many artists and musicians in the late s Belafonte, End with a period.
The medication caused drowsiness, upset stomach, and fatigue. Click and Clack demonstrated that mice treated with synthetic estrogen analogs react similarly. Parenthetical citations for classical, biblical, or religious works: APA American Psychological Association style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences.
Abstract On the following page, begin with the Running title. If published by an agency with no author given, list the name of the agency. Click here to learn more about parenthetical citing. Journals, Magazines, and Newspapers The following apply to citing the name and identifying information for journals, magazines, newspapers, and periodicals in general.
This page should contain four pieces: British Medical Journal 2 Problems of the Digestive System. The container may also be a website, which contains articles, postings, and other works.
If there are two references by the same author s for the same year, use letters after the year: Your abstract should be between and words. Ohio State University Library has a good webpage for citing web sources: Top of Page Standard Text Citation Formats There are exceptions among the various journals, but generally, in biological journals, the most frequent types of citations are shown in the following examples in red: Hot spots are formed by the drift of plates over mantle plumes Vink et al.
If your source of information is from a personal verbal communication, you would use the following format for the first citation from that person: The seventh edition handbook required the city in which a publisher is located, but the eighth edition states that this is only necessary in particular instances, such as in a work published before You can use them for explanatory text, but not for references.
While the handbook still describes how to cite sources, it is organized according to the process of documentation, rather than by the sources themselves.
This gives writers a flexible method that is near-universally applicable. Once you are familiar with the method, you can use it to document any type of source, for any type of paper, in any field.
If the reference you are citing has more than two authors, use the following format: Hot spots are formed by the drift of plates over mantle plumes (Vink et al., ).
If your source of information is from a personal verbal communication, you would use the following format for the first citation from that person. If you are trying to publish a paper in a specific journal, you will be required to follow the format of that journal.
Some journals,e.g., Science, use a. Have the citation make it easy to find the reference in the "References" section.
All references in that section should be complete enough for readers to obtain a copy for themselves. 4. Your List of References. Create a list of references, one for each item cited in the paper, in a section called "References". This section goes at the end of your paper.
How to Write Your First Research PaperAbstractSchedule your writing time in OutlookRule 1: Create regular time blocks for writing as appointments in your calendar and keep these izu-onsen-shoheiso.com with an outlineRule 2: Create a detailed outline and discuss it with your mentor and peers.
(13 more items). Term Paper: Format of Citations and References 1. Introduction. As you write your term papers, it will be important for you to document where you obtained the information cited in .Format for writing a reference paper