The slave leader hoped to build and train a cavalry unit to be his eyes as his rabble marched toward the Alps. Forming the nucleus of the threat were gladiators—prisoners of war, convicts and slaves specially trained to fight and kill one another as entertainment for crowds packing amphitheaters throughout Latin lands.
In his mind, the gladiators were effectively cut off from the plains and could be starved into submission. Any freed slaves capable of bearing arms received rudimentary training. Spartacus won three more engagements and then, for unknown reasons, turned south instead of crossing the Alps, throwing Rome into panic.
After four years of bloody fighting, the last remnants of that rebel horde were captured by Roman consul Manius Aquillius and shipped to Rome to fight wild beasts in the arena. Not about to be besieged, however, Spartacus ordered his men to hack the abundant vines growing near the crest and fashion them into crude ladders.
In the spring of 72 bc, the gladiator army trekked northward, pursued by the consuls and their legions. With eight new legions under his command, Crassus pursued Spartacus the length of Italy, getting the best of him in a running battle in the Lucania region in the south.
Eventually Spartacus lined up his men for battle and Crassus his. With weapons flying around him, the Thracian nearly reached his goal, slaying two centurions in individual combat before being surrounded by the enemy.
That spring, the slave force marched north, and the Senate — rattled by previous failures — sent two full legions to the area. Spartacus could have tried for another port, or another part of Italy. The Third Servile War Crassus was given command of a huge force of eight legions, comprising up to 50, professional soldiers.
Spartacus was now isolated further. The vaunted Roman legions had been defeated, their noble standards captured. He had reached the strait in the winter of BC, a time when the weather was colder. Spartacus was killed, but his body was never found.
By the time the games peaked in the 4th century ad, days a year were devoted to the sport. What is known is that he was captured and sold into slavery. Stung, the gladiator army limped through Bruttium on the toe of the Italian peninsula, finally reaching the coastal city of Rhegium across the Strait of Messina from Sicily.
For whatever reasons, the Thracian led his mob southward. Perhaps a contingent of his gladiators preferred looting the peninsula as Crixus had, and Spartacus may have feared that a further division of his force could be disastrous if Roman legions pursued them and forced them into battle.
Rather than try and openly battle Spartacus in southern Italy he built a system of fortifications centred on the Melia Ridge in an effort to trap Spartacus and starve his troops. Fearing the glory of subduing the gladiators would be won by those political rivals, Crassus redoubled his efforts.
The pirates, however, had other plans. The revolt by Spartacus is one of the most well-known events in the ancient world. It was in many ways a decisive defeat and slavery remained very common in its aftermath. However, the revolt was very important in the history of Rome. Spartacus, the slave leader, began his revolt at Capua in 73 bc.
Although it suffered during the Roman civil wars in the last decades of the republic, it prospered under the empire (after 27 bc). The Vandals under Gaiseric sacked Capua in ad ; later.
Apr 02, · Spartacus (c. B.C.) was a gladiator from Thrace, most famous as a leader in a major slave revolt. This uprising against the Roman Republic, commonly referred to as the Third Servile War, saw Spartacus joined by a number of Gauls in fighting against Roman dominance.
Spartacus left an impact on the relationships between slaves and their owners and arguably influenced a short term slave shortage.
In the immediate years following the revolt, bandits, mostly men left over from the slave army, harassed noble travels who crossed their paths. The Spartacus rebellion was the last of the major slave insurrections that Rome would experience.
The fear engendered by the revolt, however, would haunt the Roman psyche for centuries to come. During the reign of Nero ( ad), panic erupted when gladiators at Praeneste attempted a breakout. The revolt of the gladiator Spartacus in BCE remains the most successful slave revolt in the history of Rome.
The rebellion is known as the Third Servile War and was the last of three major slave revolts which Rome suppressed.An overview of the romes influence during the spartacus revolt