The examples of rebellion in the British Colonies, France, and Spain empowered Latin American revolutionaries who speculated on whether independence was a realistic and viable alternative to colonial rule. In cities throughout the region, Creole frustrations increasingly found expression in ideas derived from the Enlightenment.
Anxious over that threat to the strength of two of the pillars of the Mexican government and newly confident in their ability to keep popular forces in check, Creoles turned against Spanish rule in — Although liberal in some respects, in the Jamaica Letter and elsewhere, he expressed strong doubts about the capacity of his fellow Latin Americans for self-government, revealing his socially conservative and politically authoritarian side.
The key step in the relatively bloodless end of colonial rule in Brazil was the transfer of the Portuguese court from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro in Perhaps fearing the atrocities his troops might commit there, Hidalgo prevented the movement from entering Mexico City.
Mexican Creoles, like those in Peru, had the spectre of a major social uprising to persuade them to cling to Spain and stability for a while longer. Hidalgo was caught, defrocked, and executed inalong with Allende. The Republic of Bolivia was created from Upper Peru.
Miguel Hidalgo, a priest, began a rebellion against Spanish rule in Mexico inbut the uprising failed.
Conspiracies against Portuguese rule during —98 showed that some groups in Brazil had already been contemplating the idea of independence in the late 18th century. In the Viceroyalty of New Spainas elsewhere in Spanish America inreacted to the unexpected French invasion of the Iberian peninsula and the ouster of the Bourbon king, replaced by Joseph Bonaparte.
It was published first in French and then in Spanish The monarch had repudiated the constitution once the Spanish monarchy was restored in Consolidating victory in the north proved difficult. It came instead as a conservative initiative led by military officers, merchants, and the Roman Catholic Church.
After independence, the conflicts of interests that faced different sectors of Creole Peruvian society and the particular ambitions of the caudillosmade the organization of the country excessively difficult.
At most, foreign ideas helped foster a more questioning attitude toward traditional institutions and authority.
One of the first causes of the Independence of Latin America was the Creoles. The consequences of that overthrow extended from Mexico through Central America. The Republic of Bolivia was created from Upper Peru. Reasons for Nationalist Movements Latin Americans resented restrictions that forbade them to trade with countries other than Spain.
Latin Americans resented restrictions that prevented them from manufacturing their own goods. The American and French Revolutions encouraged freedom and self-rule.
Independence, (Cambridge, ) and Stephen Haber (ed.), How Latin America Fell run consequences of colonial emancipation and the widening gap in living standards between Latin America and the developed countries 2.
Independence of Latin America" In the 's, Latin American countries won independence, but many new independent countries had trouble creating strong, stable governments.
The Creoles played an important role in the independent movements.
The Constitution, signed by Spanish politicians and a number of Latin American delegates in the Spanish city of Cádiz under Napoleon’s occupation, became a symbol of liberalism for the independence movements. - Argument Analysis - Declaration of Independence In May of a resolution was passed at the Virginia Convention in Williamsburg that asked the thirteen American colonies to declare the United Colonies free and independent from the British crown.
from to the s. Finally, Independence in Latin America presented for each stage a chronology of revolutionary events in the countries under consideration.
Graham attributed independence generally to a chain of events starting with the constitutional crisis in Iberia and culminating in increasing militarization in the s in Latin America.An analysis of the movements for independence of latin americans